And the sword is this ambiguous security law that makes everything feel precarious and has everyone living in a certain amount of fear. No, that’s not how it’s supposed to work. Austin, when did you first start to hear about this new security law in Hong Kong? People are looking at the government website, waiting, waiting, checking. VideoThe vehicle that got a village smiling, Verdict for tycoon in historic mine corruption trial, BBC Worklife: Why code-switching is different now. Hong Kong security law: 'It spells the death knell for Hong Kong', 'Only our generation can heal America' Video, The vehicle that got a village smiling. We have not seen the complete details of the proposed legislation. Beijing has repeatedly sought to portray the unrest in Hong Kong as the work of foreign countries, especially the United States, accusing them of taking part in a plot to sow chaos in China and topple the Communist Party. The legislation will install in Hong Kong a formidable network of security forces answering to Beijing. That’s right. Are they just as confused as you are? And you could potentially end up in prison. The new rules apply even to those who are not residents of Hong Kong, with Article 38 suggesting that foreigners who support independence for Hong Kong or call for imposing sanctions on the Chinese government could be prosecuted upon entering Hong Kong or mainland China. By Terri Wu and ... was the first mention that both the Chinese Constitution and the Basic Law are Hong Kong… Conceived in secrecy and passed on Tuesday without serious input from Hong Kong authorities, the law sets up a vast security apparatus in the territory and gives Beijing broad powers to crack down on a variety of political crimes, including separatism and collusion. Beijing imposed a wide-reaching national security law on Hong Kong on Tuesday, which many fear could be used to override existing legal processes … And then an hour later, it’s July 1. Broadly, the law says that the rights of suspects and defendants in national security cases should be respected. He lied to cover up and protect the president. How new legislation has chilled Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement — and potentially altered the city forever. He had just had it in his bag. And as it starts out, it describes the law as something that’s meant to uphold one country, two systems. But as I read through it, it becomes clear that the law undermines that. Hong Kong police arrested media mogul Jimmy Lai on allegations of foreign collusion under China's national security law. Well, the first thing they say is that this is very welcome. China! The British foreign secretary has accused China of deliberately misleading the world when it passed its new security law in Hong Kong last year … But the law is rife with ambiguities. Police officers making an arrest in Causeway Bay on Wednesday. Austin, how exactly can China do that, pass a law that regulates Hong Kong, that from what you’re saying Hong Kong does not want for itself — it’s rejected it. The law is passed. If you want to find out more about China-Hong Kong tensions read more here: Critics say the introduction of the law this way amounts to a breach of the "one country, two systems" principle, which is so important to Hong Kong - but clearly it is technically possible to do this. Well, it’s quite long. It really emerges out of nowhere. Protesters stormed Hong Kong's legislature last year during the protests: such actions would now fall under the national security law. Like similar laws on the Chinese mainland it … secession - breaking away from the country, subversion - undermining the power or authority of the central government, terrorism - using violence or intimidation against people, collusion with foreign or external forces, Crimes of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces are punishable by a, Those found guilty will not be allowed to stand for public office, Companies can be fined if convicted under the law, People suspected of breaking the law can be, Management of foreign non-governmental organisations and news agencies will be strengthened. Under the same agreement, Hong Kong had to enact is own national security law - this was set out in Article 23 of the Basic Law - but it never happened because of its unpopularity. “The law’s broad extraterritorial scope could well have a chilling effect on overseas NGOs, limiting their ability to partner with Hong Kong groups on sensitive issues like human rights and political reform,” said Thomas E. Kellogg, executive director of the Center for Asian Law at Georgetown University. And then it emerged that the National People’s Congress planned to pass a security law for Hong Kong. So when you see this idea reemerge of a security law on your way into the subway, what are you thinking? Video, Iran's leader tweets attack threat to golfer Trump, What we know about India's coronavirus vaccines, QAnon in disarray after Biden inauguration, Trump 'prank-called by Piers Morgan impersonator', Anger at Margaret Court's Order of Australia award, Australian Open player with Covid 'sorry' over row, Canada governor general quits amid bullying claims, Senegalese student sorry after vanishing in France. So this is about China stepping in to ensure the city has a legal framework … So people actually worry that their communications with you may violate these laws? Right, the idea is that it’s such a miserable experience that no one would want to tap into them. And it’s basically meant to intimidate people. And Austin, what does this law actually do? A friend and I were discussing going out for drinks on the night that the Congress starts. The national security law Beijing imposed over the summer directly threatens Hong Kong residents’ right to due process and their freedoms of expression and association, the report found. Hong Kong was always meant to have a security law, but could never pass one because it was so unpopular. So Austin, when does it finally become clear precisely what this national security law actually says and does? The details of the law's 66 articles were kept secret until after it was passed. The security law, which includes 66 articles and more than 7,000 words, takes direct aim at the spirited antigovernment protests that have convulsed Hong Kong over the past year, prescribing harsh penalties for the tactics commonly used by demonstrators. Austin, thank you very much. These laws can be introduced by decree - which means they bypass the city's parliament. The tech giant says it will remove its main search function from Australia if it passes a new law. Throughout the city, there are a number of restaurants and cafes that support the protest movement that are normally covered in signs and banners and stuff. HONG KONG (AP) — A Hong Kong internet service provider on Thursday said it had blocked access to a pro-democracy website to comply with the city’s national security law. But a closer look at the banner appeared to show words that translated to “No to” in small letters and “Hong Kong Independence” in bigger type. It was sort of hard to tell who was who, because it’s a shopping neighborhood. It says, “This is a police warning. The impact of the new security law is palpable throughout Hong Kong. (IN MANDARIN) Now, let’s move onto item number 3. And right away, I could see there was a large crowd. But people worried that it was so broad that it could outlaw all sorts of behavior in Hong Kong. So even Carrie Lam, someone who is seen as a very pro-Beijing figure, she is sort of caught like a deer in the headlights and trying to defend the law, at the same time acknowledging that she doesn’t know exactly what it is. She told the UN Human Rights Council hours before it came into force that it would fill a "gaping hole" and not undermine Hong Kong's autonomy or its independent judiciary. That’s right. In a latest move, the city's Education Bureau … Now it’s in the middle of Hong Kong. This is exactly what Hong Kong needs. And stay safe there. I hear it from everyone I know. It’s a very important day in Hong Kong. It was unclear if the police were aware. What is the Basic Law and how does it work? The four major offenses in the law — separatism, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign countries — are ambiguously worded and give the authorities extensive power to target activists who criticize the party, activists say. The king is China. That very much does feel like the thought police, because a flag unfurled is a thought unexpressed. Hong Kong's status as a world financial hub looks to be under threat. The enactment of Hong Kong national security law has sparked wide concerns and fears in Hong Kong. And one of them, a man named Zhang Xioaming gives a press conference on the law. The security law, which includes 66 articles and more than 7,000 words, takes direct aim at the spirited antigovernment protests that have convulsed Hong Kong … Some pro-democracy activists - such as Joshua Wong - have been lobbying foreign governments to help their cause. Well, the language of the national security law only becomes clear when it’s released. At the same time, that lack of clarity paralyzes people, because this law is something that targets dissent. Hong Kong’s residents have long cherished the city’s independent judiciary, a legacy of British colonial rule that stood in stark contrast to the secretive, party-controlled courts in mainland China. And then he said something really striking to me. Mr. Kellogg said that more restrictions on nongovernmental groups working on issues like human rights, the rule of law and the democratic development in Hong Kong were likely to emerge in the coming months. "The [national security] law is a total destruction of Hong Kong's legal and judicial system," said Victoria Hui, a political science professor at the University of Notre Dame. But everyone sort of says no, it’s not possible, that there’s no way the government can push this through. And people grow very worried that anything they do or say could be made a crime under this law. They announce that the first arrest has been made under the national security law. And in Hong Kong, a city that had some of the most robust protections for free speech in Asia, to suddenly have this happen — people are being arrested for words in their possession — it’s a real shock to people here. Background and legal authority. The law also states that national security officials in Hong Kong will “take necessary measures to strengthen the management” of foreign nongovernmental organizations and news outlets in the territory. They’re worried either that — not just that they might say something on the record that could get them in trouble, but that some sort of private message that we shared some point in the past could incriminate them. HONG KONG (AP) — A Hong Kong internet service provider on Thursday said it had blocked access to a pro-democracy website to comply with the city’s national security law. I think in Hong Kong there’s always this sense that what makes the city unique is always under threat, and has always been gradually disappearing, but that it would have been a slow process. OK? Human Rights Watch senior China researcher Maya Wang said the national security law is a blanket law that allows the government to arrest people … They want Hong Kong to be the place that they love. Why should people take your comments and your minister’s comments about the national security law seriously if you guys have not read details in the clauses? And that’s astonishing timing, because July 1 is a national holiday. It criminalises any act of: The law came into effect at 23:00 local time on 30 June, an hour before the 23rd anniversary of the city's handover to China from British rule. Read about our approach to external linking. Some groups attacked police stations, vandalized shops and restaurants and briefly paralyzed the airport. So this law that could make protesting far more dangerous has been released the night before this day of protest. He has now quit his Demosisto party. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. “As a national security suspect, you can be locked up for as long as six months incommunicado, subject to torture, coerced confession, no access to counsel or family or friends, before the police decide whether to process you for a crime,” said Mr. Cohen, the law professor, speaking about practices common in mainland China. And it’s like a fine print banner. So I got up early. And certainly not now, after a year of the most intense protests Hong Kong has ever seen. In a latest move, the city's Education Bureau … They pepper spray some people. Hong Kong police arrested 53 former lawmakers and democracy proponents Wednesday for allegedly violating the new national security law by participating in … I’m Michael Barbaro. The months-long protests that took over swathes of the city in 2019 - and at times turned violent - began to peter out early last year, due to the pandemic. Republicans seek delay 'to give Trump fair trial', Chinese miners to remain trapped two more weeks, One year on from the world's first lockdown in Wuhan, 'Only our generation can heal America' Video'Only our generation can heal America', ‘The painful call that helped me break free from my mum’. Yes, many people have thought about it, discuss it. And there was a mass protest on July 1, 2003. The Trump administration has promised a series of punishments in retaliation for the national security legislation, including visa restrictions and limits on exporting defense technology. What’s your response to the president? .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}China has passed a wide-ranging new security law for Hong Kong which makes it easier to punish protesters and reduces the city's autonomy. But, of course, not everyone can just pick up and leave. And so I wonder if it’s starting to feel like people are being robbed of a big chunk of time to be what they have been, and what they think they’re supposed to be allowed to be in Hong Kong. Several parts of the security legislation take aim at the perceived role of foreigners in political activism in Hong Kong. Stone, who was scheduled to report to prison within days, had been convicted of obstructing a congressional investigation into Trump’s 2016 campaign and possible ties to Russia. The BBC's Michael Bristow takes a closer look at the detail, and what it will mean in practice. Late on … And I noticed this barge with these huge characters — 20 feet high, yellow on red — that said, celebrate the national security law. And the man is so frightened that the sword will fall on him that he begs to no longer be on the throne. It’s the day that Hong Kong was handed back from Britain to China. People walk past a large banner promoting the national security law … And you can see police officers raising a purple banner that tells people that they are in violation of the new security law. There’s nothing that’s going to affect Hong Kong. And every year since then, there have been protests on this day. And it creates a great sense of risk for people going out on the street. In fact, there were some officials who make this clear, that this ambiguity is by design. Are they filling in the gaps here? And so they’re trying to delete all of that. In what initially appeared to be an early test of the law, a man was arrested on Wednesday after he unfurled a Hong Kong flag during demonstrations and the police said on Twitter that he had been detained for “violating the #NationalSecurityLaw.” It was “the first arrest made since the law has come into force,” the police said. Well first, yes, you are right. However, the bill was abandoned after mass demonstrations. In fact, the original protest that led to the first security law being blocked happened on July 1, 2003. And so you begin to see people deleting social media accounts and becoming very worried about things they might say that could later come back to haunt them under this new law. Africa's long wait for the Covid-19 vaccine, The vehicle that got a village smiling. By dropping this at the eleventh hour, it’s intended to create uncertainty. Things were dying down a little bit with the coronavirus and police sort of being more aggressive. And it’s almost as if this law now says that even thinking something, not even saying it, can be a violation of the law. Sabotaging transport would be deemed a terrorist activity punishable by life in prison if it harms other people or causes significant damage to public or private property. So protests continue throughout the afternoon. And as I was passing into the station, I noticed a petition booth. And so it targets secession, subversion, terrorist activities and collusion with foreign powers. Harsh Penalties, Vaguely Defined Crimes: Hong Kong’s Security Law Explained. Today: A new security law is bringing China’s harsh approach to free speech to Hong Kong in an attempt to stamp out protests there. And over the weekend congressional Democrats, including Representative Adam Schiff on ABC, reacted with fury to President Trump’s decision to commute the prison sentence of his friend and former adviser Roger Stone. Two Republican senators, Mitt Romney and Pat Toomey, joined Democrats in condemning the commutation, with Romney calling it an act of, quote, “unprecedented historic corruption.”. The national security law allows Hong Kong's chief executive to appoint judges for national security cases, and lets mainland courts hear serious and complex Hong Kong cases in certain situations. People are waking up on July 1, deciding whether they want to go protest. But now it feels like that process has accelerated wildly. A statement from the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs office of China’s state council on Tuesday said: “For the small minority of people who endanger national security, this law is a … Such campaigning could become a crime in the future. So as this parable applies to Hong Kong, if I have this correct, Damocles is the people of Hong Kong. Many might ask how China can do this if the city was supposed to have freedoms guaranteed under the handover agreement. A new national security law has turned Hong Kong into a battleground for the United States and China's escalating war over control of the global internet. Hong Kong was handed back to China from British control in 1997, but under a unique agreement - a mini-constitution called the Basic Law and a so-called "one country, two systems" principle. 6 abstentions. That’s right. Which is no way to be king. Here’s what else you need to know today. The national security law allows Hong Kong's chief executive to appoint judges for national security cases, and lets mainland courts hear serious and complex Hong Kong cases in certain situations. There’s lots of people out. So I have to imagine that the citizens of Hong Kong are deeply skeptical and worried about this law and not following their leaders’ advice to blindly support it. Huh. If those in Hong Kong who defy and challenge the authority of the central government and undermine stability in Hong Kong are allowed to have their way, Hong Kong would be the loser. No, I don’t think it’s a coincidence at all. © 2021 BBC. Which I guess leads to the inevitable question: Do people feel like it’s time to leave Hong Kong if they don’t have decades left? Stone was convicted in part for false statements he made to your committee. They know this law is in effect. China has introduced a new national security law for Hong Kong. It’s a really crowded part of town. The Hong Kong government in 2003 attempted to enact the National Security (Legislative Provisions) Bill 2003 to comply with the requirement under Article 23 of the Basic Law that it should enact national security legislation "on its own". But the legislation introduced in June has had the effect of ending virtually all public campaigning since. And he gives a stern warning that it’s not something you want to mess with. “Hong Kong activists, accustomed to operating in mostly rights-respecting environment, now face a frightening void.”, From The New York Times, I’m Michael Barbaro. Hong Kong was always meant to have a security law, but could never pass one because it was so unpopular. The law is likely to usher in a new era for Hong Kong, experts say, in which civil liberties are tightly constrained and loyalty to the party is paramount. And so people took to the streets. What does it actually say? Thank you for those questions. And shortly after that, the government backed down and has never picked up the law since. The sweeping new national security law that China imposed on Hong Kong, aimed at stamping out opposition to the ruling Communist Party in the former British colony, is as “devastating” as some critics feared, a human-rights activist said on Wednesday. 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