TOP. Here are some examples related to the Skeletal System. Prone means a person is lying face down. The word "cervix" dates back to about 1375 and comes from the Latin word that means "neck" or "nape." Regions. Body Mechanics. 1. the largest and most important part of any organ. Cerebral: Pertaining to the brain. In veterinary anatomy, pertaining to the back or upper surface of an animal. Distal: Further from the beginning, as opposed to proximal. Dorsal: The back, as opposed to ventral. Inferior is the medical term meaning "pertaining to below. alkapton b's a class of substances with an affinity for alkali, found in the urine and causing the condition known as alkaptonuria. Exam Name_____ SHORT ANSWER. distal d . A) posterior. This passes through the head, spinal cord, navel, and, in many animals, the tail. a . MEDICAL TERM LAY TERM(S) ABDOMINAL Pertaining to body cavity below diaphragm which contains stomach, intestines, liver, and other organs ABSORB Take up fluids, take in ACIDOSIS Condition when blood contains more acid than normal ACUITY Clearness, keenness, esp. Cardiology: Study of the heart. Answer: cardiovascular. Inguinal means pertaining to the groin, and iliac means pertaining to the hip bone. The cranial region ... the dorsal region encompassing the upper back; the lumbar region encompassing the lower back. pertaining to the front: Term. Examples of prefixes used in medicine include: a- : Prefix much employed in the health sciences indicating "not, without, -less" as, for example, in alexia (not read), aphagia (not eat), aphonia (not voice, voiceless). The term "appendicular" is commonly used in anatomy to refer to an appendage or limb. adip/ose: Definition. The 5 bones of the sacrum fuse together from ages 18 to 25. Cephalic: Pertaining to the head. chondr/oma: Definition. Deep: Away from the exterior surface or further into the body, as opposed to superficial. Anterior is the opposite of posterior. Often used to indicate the position of one structure relative to another; that is, nearer the back surface of the body. The following terms refer to general positions of the body: Supine means a person is lying on her back. Which directional term means farther away from the point of attachment to the body? This section deals with med terms beginning with the letter "I", and features a medical prefix, suffix and root for each. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Each correct answer is worth one point. Human Body - Medical English. B) distal. Caudal: Pertaining to, situated in, or toward the tail or the hind part. 240. Front: Back : The division of the back that is also called the neck region is the _____ region. ; The frontal plane, also called the coronal plane, which divides the body into front and back. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). You will also need to learn the words for the functions of each of these body parts. Among these building blocks are the prefixes. Term. ana/bol/ism: Definition. Answer to Which term means “ pertaining to the back side of the body ” ? Body Part. cervic/al: Definition. vertical field running thorugh the body from front to back, dividing th body into right and left sides The term that means "pertaining to stimulation of body growth" is _____ Answer: somatotrophic. Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body? of vision - airways ACUTE New, recent, sudden ADENOPATHY Swollen lymph nodes (glands) Cards In This Set. Carcinoma: Cancerous tumor. Medical Terminology - Body Organization. Related Topics. 3. acetone b's ketone bodies. One of the first things you need to know when working as a medical professional in English is the parts of the body. A) superficial B) distal C) supine D) proximal. This area of the map pains me, as it's where the famous appendix is at. Brain. A) posterior B) ventral C) distal D) deep. The lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae. "Inferior is the most commonly used medical term meaning lower in the body. Match the medical term with the definition. Term. When all bone growth is complete the body is said to be skeletally mature. pertaining to the neck (of the body or the uterus) Term. anter/ior : Definition. For example, the combining form meaning "heart" is cardi/o.Do NOT capitalize any of your answers or include a period at the end of your answer. Next Question » If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. There is one correct answer for each question and no time limit on this Anatomical Positions Quiz. Lumbar – The lower part of the spine between the thoracic region and the sacrum. process to cast/throw up -In this process, proteins are built up (protein synthesis). Which directional term means more to the back side of the body? Cranial: Toward the head, as opposed to caudad. Learn More : Share this Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Plus on Google+ « Prev Question. Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body? Cervical . Which term means pertaining to the skull? A medical term that means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels is _____. Minimally Invasive Surgery – Surgery requiring small incision(s), usually performed with endoscopic visualization. The terms are used to describe a specific body part. Roots, suffixes, and prefixes. Medical professionals often refer to sections of the body in terms of anatomical planes (flat surfaces). It also means on the front or forward part of an organ. spine [spīn] 1. a thornlike process or projection; called also acantha and spina. a. cephalic b. superior c. distal d. dorsal. Mrs. Jones' problem with diabetes came from malfunctioning of the pancreas. 2. the rigid bony structure in the midline of the back, composed of the vertebrae; called also backbone, spinal column, and vertebral column. superior c . Word parts - anter/: front or before;-ior: pertaining to Term: Posterior Definition: Situated in the back. Prefixes, medical: Medical words are often put together, cobbled from two or more building blocks. a. crural b. cranial c. cervical d. cephalic. Root Word What It Means Example(s) Blephar/o Eyelid or eyelash Blepharoplasty: Surgical repair of the eyelids Cephal/o Head Cephalocentesis: Surgical puncture of […] Answer: B. 2. any mass or collection of material. dorsal Pertaining to the back part is called the posterior. Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. Listed below are general anatomical terms and their meanings. cephalic b . 241. Privacy Policy; DMCA; Terms Your journey through medical terminology will take you far and wide, and will require that you know terms for all parts of the body. The spinal column is the axis of the skeleton; the skull and limbs are in a sense appendages. Anatomical terms describe structures with relation to four main anatomical planes:. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Word parts - dors/: back of the body;-al: pertaining to Term: Anterior Definition: Situated in the front. 1). The following terms explore the outside of the body. Human Body. Anatomical terms used to describe location are based on a body positioned in what is called the standard anatomical position.This position is one in which a person is standing, feet apace, with palms forward and thumbs facing outwards. body [bod´e] trunk (def. Anterior is also used in reference to the ventral surface of the body. 186.) the sacral region occurring at the end of the spine, directly above the buttocks. Body Organization . It is commonly used to describe the constricted lower portion of the uterus that connects to the vagina. A B; Adenitis: Inflammation of a gland. Blood. Lumbago – A non–medical term signifying pain in the lumbar region. Biopsy: Removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope. You will need to learn the names of the internal (inside the skin) and external body parts. Typically when we talk about the back we talk about a particular part of the back, such as sacral, lumbar, thoracic, etc. There are standard anatomical positional and directional terms of location that deal with the anatomy of humans. ; The sagittal planes, which are parallel to the median plane. Naim 21:50 Medical Terminology Chapter 2. These planes are imaginary lines – vertical or horizontal – drawn through an upright body. The front part of something is the anterior part.Either anterior or ventral, depending on what part of the body you're referring to. Terminology MCQ Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body? Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. This illustration labeled regions of the human body show an anterior and posterior view of the body. From Chapter 1 Language of Medicine. This quiz will test your knowledge of these terms, as well as planes of the human body. Biology: Study of life. pertaining to or full of fat: Term. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. - sacral - coccygeal - cervical - cranial. 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